Schizophrenia is a brain disorder associated with intense symptoms like hallucinations, impaired speech, lack of coordination in movement, and confusion. Unfortunately, there is no cure for this chronic disease. One can only prevent the symptoms from worsening with medication and therapy. However, nutrition plays a critical role as well. What one eats can have a direct impact on their brain health. This article lists a few vitamins and foods for schizophrenia patients.
1. Vitamin C
Vitamin C contains atypical antipsychotics that help reduce ascorbic acid levels and oxidative stress and improve the BPRS score. Studies have proved that vitamin C is helpful for symptoms like hallucinations, suspiciousness, and disorganized thoughts linked with schizophrenia.
As per a particular study, B-vitamins, including B6, B8, and B12, can make schizophrenia treatment more effective when combined with other drugs. However, these vitamins should be incorporated in the early stages of treatment for the best results. Salmon, leafy greens, eggs, and dairy are among the best sources of B-vitamins.
Fiber helps with digestion and reduces LDL cholesterol, which eliminates the risk of heart diseases and other problems associated with mental health. The best high-fiber foods for schizophrenia include certain fruits and veggies, whole-grain bread, brown rice, and muesli.
Patients must include the recommended doses of starch in their daily meals. Complex carbs found in starchy staples like pasta, potato, and rice provide energy for the brain and improve mental well-being. But note that potatoes should be cooked with their peels to meet the required fiber intake.
5. Omega -3 fats
These healthy fats are beneficial for patients as they help reduce the intensity of the symptoms. Swordfish, salmon, mackerel, nuts and seeds, tuna, soybean and canola oil, and eggs are some of the best omega-3 foods for schizophrenia. One can also opt for fortified foods or supplements.
Including various colorful vegetables in the food regime can help manage schizophrenia symptoms like hallucinations, delusions, lack of motivation, and disorganized speech. Veggies are low in calories, rich in fiber, and have loads of nutritional value for any health condition.
7. Fruit juices
Juices from fruits, without any sugar and preservatives, are beneficial for schizophrenia patients. Natural sugar helps replenish energy levels and provides patients with several brain-healthy nutrients.
Besides fruit juices, one should have enough water throughout the day. This is important to keep the brain nourished. Dehydration can lead to loss of thinking ability and can even trigger hallucinations.
While these are the best foods for schizophrenia patients, certain others must be avoided. Items that top the “not to have” list include saturated fat (found in frozen foods, meat, junk food, etc.), sugar (ice-creams, candy, etc.), and excess salt (chips, nachos, French fries, etc.).