Diabetes is associated with the body’s ability to produce and process insulin. When the blood sugar levels rise and drop frequently, it starts impacting the functioning of the other body parts. Fluctuating sugar levels can have greater risks of complications. It is, therefore, necessary to keep an eye on what is being consumed, as nutritious foods help maintain steady blood sugar levels. Read on to know which foods to eat and avoid for diabetes.
Foods to eat:
Beans, as a general food category, are protein-rich foods. Additionally, black beans, pinto beans, and kidney beans are well known for their low glycemic index. These veggies are rich in their complex carbohydrate content, leading to better cholesterol control and regulated blood pressure levels. Aside from their low GI, beans are also nutritiously rich because of the high magnesium, potassium, and iron levels that help improve the immune system response.
Broccoli, one of the most nutritionally dense vegetables, can be considered a top-tier vegetable. In addition to containing a high amount of essential nutrients, it is also rich in minerals such as magnesium and iron. The vitamin C content in half a cup of broccoli contains about 27 calories and only about 3 gms of digestible carbohydrates. Studies show that broccoli, when added to the meal plan of diabetic patients, can help in better recovery over time and result in lower dependency on medications.
3. Leafy green vegetables
We are all aware of the nutrients that veggies carry. Another interesting point makes vegetables a go-to option for a nutrient-rich meal: they are not calorie-rich. This means fitting in a greater amount of vegetables, and subsequently, the fiber is easily digestable where green leafy vegetables are concerned. Their low carbohydrate content also makes them perfect for dealing with diabetes, and food being a natural remedy is harmless to the body. In addition to that, greens contain a high amount of antioxidants like lutein and zeaxanthin, making them excellent for eye health.
Since diabetes is associated with several eye-health concerns, it is prudent that diabetes and food be well maintained and checked periodically.
Foods that should be avoided:
1. Carbonated drinks
Carbonated drinks can impact the body’s insulin resistance. Not to forget, they are loaded with sugar, something diabetic patients do not need. Their carb-rich nature does not help their case either. It is advisable to avoid aerated drinks as much as possible.
2. Processed foods
Most processed foods have bare minimum nutritional value but pack a lot of stuff that the body does not need. They load the body with LDL and triglycerides while robbing it of the fiber it needs from the food. Replacing foods like refined flour, refined sugar, cold cuts, salad dressings with vegetables, whole grains, and fruits will have a better and more desirable impact on diabetes patients. This holds true for fried food as well.